All herbicides are aimed at getting rid of weeds and vegetation that you don’t want to see in a garden or crop field. The most common types of weeds that gardeners want to eliminate are moss, clovers, dandelions.
The majority of weed killers completely destroy or damage the vegetation that prevents good crops or flowers from growing. It is interesting that a few types of herbicides kill only specific weeds, while the others kill everything that they come in contact with. Depending on a certain type of weed killer, they act differently and need a different time to destroy the unwanted vegetation.
Major types of weed killers (herbicides):
- Contact weed killers can help to get rid of living, green weeds. They are absorbed by the weed’s leaves. They are especially effective for the weeds actively growing in the sunlight. To achieve the maximum effect people should apply contact herbicides early in the morning. In such a way, leaves will absorb the solution by night. Contact products are especially effective for destroying annual weeds. Usually, such remedies need 2 weeks to work properly;
- Systemic herbicides are the most popular weed killers in the U.S. market. The peculiarity of these weed killers is that they affect mostly the actively growing plants. During the active phase of vegetation, weeds actively absorb nutrients from the soil by the root system, grow and at the same time intensively absorb herbicides. The cause of a weed kill under the influence of systemic herbicides is the loss of the root system. The best thing about these solutions is that they are absorbed by the leaves and roots. Systemic herbicides contain dichlorophenoxyacetic acid to deal with perennial weeds;
- Residual or soil herbicides. These weed killers are good for soil acting, for example, in the paths and patios. However, such weed killers may poison the soil and prevent seeds from growing. If you plan to grow plants in this soil, do not use these herbicides;
Besides these types, all weed killers are divided into non-selective and selective ones:
- Selective herbicide may target only specific weeds. Particularly, they are great for destroying broadleaf plants without harming the rest of the lawn. They can destroy weeds such as milk thistle, chamomile, wheatgrass without damaging other plants and crops. These are the herbicides most often used for lawns;
- Non-selective weed killers (like Roundup) are capable of killing any kind of vegetation they contact. Protect the useful plants and crops when using these herbicides;
Solid or liquid weed killers?
Nowadays, most liquid herbicides based on glyphosate can effectively cope with weeds near the sports grounds, runways, irrigation canals, roadsides, and similar places.
Solid herbicides have a devastating effect on unwanted vegetation. These herbicides kill all the plants they hit. As a rule, solid herbicides such as Roundup are actively used for taking care of the lawn areas or flowerbeds. Most liquid herbicides are of selective action.
Advantages of herbicides:
- Most weed killers work quickly and efficiently, preventing weeds from growing the vegetation;
- Help to maintain the soil structure by eliminating the need to dig in clogged areas;
- Provides faster germination of sown seeds by destroying the most competing weeds;
- Do not accumulate in the soil, i.e. sowing can start already in 2-4 weeks after the cultivation;
- Perfectly spread with all kinds of perennial and annual weeds;
- Do not cause any harm to nature and human health, if you follow the instructions;
How does a weed killer work?
It is recommended to use any herbicide during the phase of active weed growth, in dry, calm weather. If rain is expected within the next 6 hours, it’s better to postpone the application – water can wash away the product from the plants and you will not achieve the desired effect. In addition, the strong wind during spraying will not allow all leaves and stems to get wet with a herbicide evenly.
By the way, with the help of a herbicide, you can completely clean the area even from such weeds as burdock, sleep, wheatgrass, milk thistle, and nettle. The soil in the area treated by herbicides should not be disturbed for, at least, 5 days after the application – to prevent the penetration of the applied herbicide to the roots of crops, bushes, and flowers.
How long does a weed killer take to work, according to the method of application?
Some herbicides applied to the soil. Some weed killers stay in the soil for several months. Being absorbed through the roots, they suppress weeds. Be careful when using them: if you exceed the dose and apply them year after year, certain crops will never grow in this soil even after many years.
The second group of weed killers contains the herbicides which are absorbed through the leaves. When they get into the environment, they are quickly (usually after 2-3 days) destroyed and do not cause significant environmental damage.
How to apply a weed killer?
When using herbicides during the vegetation period, it is important to remember that weeds that have reached a height of 6 inches or more are almost invulnerable to herbicides. In this case, you need to mow overgrown weeds, let them grow to 3 inches. After that, the area is treated with non-selective weed killers. You will be pleasantly surprised by the result.
Solid (not liquid) herbicides are a great idea to oppress the growth of perennial weeds by cultivating the soil at the end of the season. Pure soil will save you from weed control in spring.
When cultivating perennial weeds, the solution of a few non-selective remedies (10-20 ml/10 l) is used, while when cultivating perennial weeds, such as wheatgrass, it is more concentrated (20-30 ml/10 l). Suppression and death of plants occur, usually 3-7 days after the application.
The signs that a weed killer is acting properly
Suppose, you have waited for a few weeks or days after applying a certain type of herbicide. How to understand that a weed killer is working properly? Pay attention to the specific signs. Some solid herbicides reveal the first signs of action in 6 hours. Check if the leaves turn yellow and dry.
If used correctly, most weed killers are very effective for removing excess plants before planting and preparing the soil for sowing. However, herbicides of this type only kill growing weeds. Indigestible seeds resting in the soil remain invulnerable to the product’s effect. Repeated treatment with such herbicides is usually necessary. The optimal interval between treatments is 2-3 weeks. This approach drastically reduces the number of weeds in a garden. Usually, manual removal or local treatments will be sufficient for the area prepared in this way.
Weed killers like Roundup: how much time do they need to work on average?
The duration and speed of action depend on the type of weed killers. On average, they need at least 2 weeks to fully destroy the unwanted vegetation.
For instance, after the application of weed killers like Roundup, they need approximately 4-6 hours for the glyphosate to penetrate all terrestrial plant parts. Then, after 6-7 days, the herbicide spreads to the root system and disrupts the formation of amino acids, which destroys weeds. The first results of Roundup’s work become visible already for 5-10 days after its use. As a rule, after 2-3 weeks, even the most resilient weeds just disappear.
How to make weed killers work faster?
Frost, drought, oppression, mowing, and weeding reduce the effect of herbicide treatments because the affected plants consume fewer nutrients from the soil and do not grow. Yes, you may increase the effect of weed killers even in harsh conditions.
Increase the effect of herbicide with the help of nitrogen fertilizers – choose the products containing ammonium nitrate. This remedy must be applied 2-3 days before the treatment with herbicides. In this way, you may stimulate the weeds for active vegetation and enhanced nutrition through the root system.
To stimulate the activity of the root system, be sure to spill the plant with a quality rooting stimulant, soaking the roots’ base. The sooner you take action to resuscitate plants, the better the chances that they will survive through all-natural challenges.
Keep in mind that such weeds such as horseradish, field loach and dandelion are more resistant to these preparations. Several herbicides can be applied to the weeds that grow back from the roots. However, if the area is cleaned for vegetables, it can only be planted the next year. Such an application should be done in autumn. The lawn grass, on the other hand, will grow perfectly in the cleaned area. To combat hard-to-destroy weeds, you can also use selective herbicides, which has high efficiency of continuous action.